The Gardens of Kromeriz
Chateau "Podzámecká" Garden
Podzamecka Garden with its area of 54 hectares, on one hand took advantage of the chateau northern front face, which stands in the garden parterre adjacent to the portico once used as a large balcony for the ground floor, on the other hand it had developed all the features and possibilities of a landscaping park. The nearby flow of the Morava river with its branches helped to enrich the park with various water sheets, including the Chotek Pond on the north. The scenery of the place has been ever-changing. The Long Pond on the western side offered a possibility to emise around on boats, or to skate in wintertime. The shorter bank of the pond gave the locality to the small unpretentious Fishermen Cottage constructed by Křoupal of Grunberk. The northern part of the Podzámecká garden is flown around and bounded with the river of Morava, forming thus the monolithic unit with the surrounding landseape.
Giardinetto, situated next to the Colloredo Collonade at the side facade of the chateau, was erected on the filled-up moat. Its Italian terrace arrangement should represent the "giardino segrego" (detached garden) or the "giardino segréto" (private garden). The Romantic renewals and re-arrangements in the rest of the Podzámecká Garden, during the reign of Archbishop and Archduke Rudolph (1819 - 1831) change the garden into the landscaping park. Several sculptures of athletes and wrestlers were moved from Flower Garden. The statue of Lying Neptune even changed the source of water it had been sprinkling out before - now, when the statue was connected to the river of Morava flow, the Neptune was renamed to Moravus. The garden was decorated with antique and gothic ruins. The visitor might be surprised at sight of the artificial hermitage made of the wooden frame covered with a cloth. A. Arche, the architect in services to archbishop Chotek, created the pure and sensitively laid-out classicist works. The architect continued and developed his activity further during the reign of the cardinal Maxmillian Sommerau-Beck (1836 - 1853). Thus, the year 1846 finally saw the new-born semicircular gallery called " Pompeian Collonade" because of the busts delivered right from Pompeii. The collonade was then accompanied with a fountain and small pond to reflect the elegant building in its surface. A. Arche also designed some technically sophisticated structures, such as the Silver Bridge, Lantern Bridge and Vase Bridge. The rest of his works tried to keep abreast with the fashionable empire architecture.
Chinese Pavilion was built on the bank of the Wild Pond, the glacis height was equipped with the contact boards actuating the small bowing figurines of the Chinese. The Podzámecká Garden is primarily rich with its vegetative beauty and plentitude: the experts have recorded 48 coniferous and 153 broadleaved species. The plane-trees are probably the oldest foreign trees of all. Generally, various species from Southern Europe, North America or East Asia can be found here. The "novelty" of the Podzámecká Garden is the ornamental tree described by A.M. Svoboda in 1996 as a cultivar. A sturdy tree, just by the Ginkgo Biloba, accommodates the witches' broom, the scion of which was planted bringing forth small trees with rounded tops. One of the ginkgo species was named to tribute the house of Choteks, the family of archbishop F. M. Chotek, henceforth the "Ginkgo biloba L. cv. Chotek".
Flower Garden, also called Libosad
has somewhat come nearer to the town, when the city forts and walls were torn down and the houses built instead reached the Libosad. The design and lay out were drawn up by Anton Arche, the implementation took place in the years 1840 - 1845. The Libosad is another work of extraordinary value. Without any attempts to violate or modify the original layout of the early-Baroque Libosad, its side parts were supplemented with another buildings, namely: the tropical stove, cold greenhouse, residential and administration buildings. This quasiquadrangle created a yard inside giving to the Libosad and Rotunda standing in its center. The entrance was emphasised with a portal embedded into a shallow three-axis buttress. The buttress is capped with a triangle tympanum carrying the gilted Archbishop's indicium. The yard is fitted with garden furniture made from cast-iron in the Archbishop's ironworks factory in Frýdlant. The vases furnished with the Archbishop's indicium and benches in the secondary rococo style all look smart and modern coated with white color.
Flower Garden is an axially oriented late-Renaissance or, as a matter of fact, manneristic garden, founded in 1665 on the oblong rectangular platform with dimensions 300 m x 485 m. The front gate verges into the extraordinary long and monumental gallery, called collonade. 224 m in length forms the phenomenal shape of the architectural element. The ground platform of Libosad was interlaced with a complex water distribution system supplying the ponds, fountains, the lake by the aviary, waterworks, and the sophisticated machinery-like unit called the "water-jests" located in the interior of the central Rotunda. The axis of Libosad is stretched from the front gate, across the Rotunda to the skittleground equipped with the water-jest as well. Along the main axis line there were the mazes and rectangular ponds stocked with carp and trout fries. Further on, the axis runs over two artificial HUMMOCKS called the Strawberry Hills, the popular composition elements. The occurrence of these dates back to the antique gardens, e.g. the Chorsabad Garden. The then hummocks a1ready had summer-houses, which was also the case in Kroměříž. Another stage of the axis were the amusement facilities of the garden.
© 2004-2005 Mich, Optimized for Internet Explorer 6
Set this page as Homepage
Add this page to favorites
One Liner Joke